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From common medications to illegal narcotics, drugs abound all over the world. A drug is any substance that alters the physiology, sensation, or cognition of an organism. Since thousands of drugs exist, scientists tend to categorize them into broad classifications on the basis of their shared chemical properties and effects on the human body and mind. Since many drugs are dangerous and addictive, every country in the world also classifies some drugs or of drugs as controlled substances.
In some cases, a controlled substance may be illegal for anyone to use for any reason. In other cases, the law may impose limits on how a controlled substance may be used legally, such as exclusively for medical prescriptions or scientific research. Both legal drugs and controlled substances can the sources of addiction.
In general, addictive drugs may be classified as StimulantsDepressants, Hallucinogensor Opioids. Find out more right. Stimulants are a class of drugs which enhance central nervous system activity and block the re-uptake of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine. In larger doses, Stimulants may cause heart failure and seizures. People also use Stimulants without a prescription to stay active and alert while working, studying, or exercising.
Caffeine is the most commonly used Stimulant in the world. Depressants are drugs that impair the activity of the central nervous system by enhancing the effects of GABA, a neurotransmitter which inhibits connectivity among neurons. Depressants typically make a person feel calm Alcohol drug classification drowsy. Since depressants sedate the brain, doctors prescribe some of them as medications for sleep disorders, anxiety, and stress.
The two sub- of prescription depressants are Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates. Depressants have the potential to cause addiction and overdoseand they can cause side-effects such as slurred speech, dizziness, and loss of coordination. Alcohol is perhaps the most widely-abused depressant in the world. Hallucinogens are mind-altering drugs which cause false perceptions of reality. A hallucinogen may distort how a person experiences time, motion, colors, and sounds.
Some Hallucinogens also cause dissociative effects by interfering with the functioning of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate. Dissociative Hallucinogens cause sensations of detachment from reality as well as hallucinations. The effects of a Hallucinogen will depend on the drug and vary from Alcohol drug classification to person. Ketamine and PCP are both dissociative Hallucinogens.
Almost all Hallucinogens are controlled substances in most countries. Opioids are drugs which originate naturally Alcohol drug classification the Opium poppy plant. Synthetic Opioids like Fentanyl are manufactured to imitate the chemical structures of natural Opioids like Morphine. Doctors prescribe Opioids to treat moderate to severe pain. Opioids also cause intense sedation and euphoria. Throughout the world, drug traffickers manufacture and sell Opioids as counterfeit painkillers or recreational drugs. From toillegal and prescribed Opioids killed aboutAmericans. In the United States, the federal Controlled Substances Act controlled substances into five schedules.
The drugs which fall into these legal classifications are variously restricted on the basis of their accepted medical usefulness and potential for abuse and addiction. The Drug Enforcement Administration is the federal agency primarily responsible for enforcing the Controlled Substances Act, even in states with drug laws in conflict with federal law. The following is Alcohol drug classification overview of the five drug schedules under the Controlled Substances Act. Schedule I controlled Alcohol drug classification are drugs which the federal government considers to pose high risks for abuse and addiction and lack any proven medical value.
In other words, they are entirely harmful. The legal penalties for drug offenses involving Schedule I controlled substances are severe. Marijuanaone of the most common drugs in America, is also a Schedule I controlled substance. Schedule II controlled substances also pose high risks for abuse and addiction. However, Schedule II controlled substances have accepted medical value, so they may be legal as medications. Nevertheless, these drugs are often likely to cause severe dependence and overdose. It is illegal to acquire a controlled substance as a medication without a prescription.
Many Opioids are Schedule II controlled substances. The most famous study drug, Adderallis a Schedule II controlled substance as well. Schedule III controlled substances pose lower risks for abuse and addiction than substances in the first two drug classifications. As prescription medications, Schedule III controlled substances are less likely to be abused or cause dependence than Schedule II controlled substances, although they still pose moderate risks for dependence.
Most Benzodiazepines and similar sedative-hypnotic drugs are Schedule IV controlled substances. The federal government considers Schedule V controlled substances to pose the lowest risks of abuse and dependence. The category includes some medications for coughing, stomach pain, and seizures. If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction to any drug, today is the day to reach out for help.
Please contact a dedicated treatment provider today to learn more about the many options for inpatient and outpatient rehab for drug and alcohol abuse. There are many different forms of addiction. Get the information you need to help you overcome yours. Nathan Yerby. Bihari, M. Drug Classes. Hartney, E. Controlled Drugs in the Controlled Substance Act.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. Prescription CNS Depressants. Prescription Opioids. Prescription Stimulants. What are Hallucinogens? United States Drug Enforcement Agency. Drug Scheduling. All of the information on this has been reviewed and verified by a certified addiction professional. Calls to s on a specific treatment center listing will be routed to that treatment center.
All calls are private and confidential. Find out more about Rehab Spot. Chats will be received and answered by one of treatment providers listed below, each of which is a paid advertiser:. All chats are private and confidential. Get Help Today - OR. Rehabs are still open! Learn More. Is Alcohol drug classification loved one struggling with addiction? Get Help. Frequently Asked Questions How does treatment work? What is inpatient rehab? What is outpatient rehab? How much does rehab cost? How can I pay for rehab?
How do I know if my loved one needs help? How do I convince my loved one to get help? Questions about treatment? Call now for: Access to top treatment centers Caring, supportive assistance Financial assistance options Find the life you deserve to live Get Help. Featured Treatment Center. Drug Classifications: Law and Alcohol drug classification From common medications to illegal narcotics, drugs abound all over the world.Alcohol drug classification
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